The Beauty of Al-Hasa Click Here About Al-Hassa The largest oasis in Saudi Arabia, Al-Ahsa is an area that extends from the  Arabian Gulf from Kuwait in 29 20' N. to the south point of the Gulf of Bahrain  in 25 10' North, a length of about 360 km bounded by the Al-Dahna and the Al- Daman deserts, and forms the border with Qatar, the United Arab Emirates  and the Sultanate of Oman, covering an area of 2,500 kilometers in the  southern part of the Eastern Province. On the West it is bounded by Nejd and  on the S.E. by the peninsula of El Katr which forms part of Oman. The coast is  low and flat and has no deep-water port along its whole length with the  exception of Kuwait; from that place to El Katif the country is barren and  without villages or permanent settlements, and is only occupied by nomad  tribes, of which the principal are the Bani Hajar, Ajman and Khalid. The interior  consists of low stony ridges rising gradually to the inner plateau. The oases of  Hofuf and Qatif, however, form a strong contrast to the barren wastes that  cover the greater part of the district. Here an inexhaustible supply of  underground water (to which the province owes its name Hassa) issues in  strong springs, marking, according to Arab geographers, the course of a great  subterranean river draining the Nejd highlands. The municipality of Al-Hassa  constitutes the largest administrative area in the Kingdom.  Muhariz is  celebrated for its hot spring, known as Urn Sab or mother of seven, from the  seven channels by which its water is distributed. Beyond the present limits of  the oasis much of the country is well supplied with water, and ruined sites and  half-obliterated canals show that it has only relapsed into waste in recent times. Cultivation reappears at Qaatif; a town situated on a small bay  some 35 m. north-west of Bahrain. Date groves extend for several miles along the coast, which is low and muddy. The district is fertile but the  climate is hot and unhealthy; still, owing to its convenient position, the town has a considerable trade with Bahrain and the gulf ports on one side and the interior of Nejd on the other. The fort is a strongly built enclosure attributed, like that at Hofuf, to the Carmathian prince Abu Tahir. Population: It is home to more than 600,000 people, who mainly inhabit Al-Ahsa's four major cities: Al-Hofuf, Al-Mobarraz, Al-Oyoun, and Al-  Oman. It also contains fifty scattered villages which nestle among its palms. The town walls enclose a space of 11/2 by 1 m., at the north-west  angle of which is a remarkable citadel attributed to the Carmathian princes. Climate: Al-Hasa has a dry, tropical climate, with a five month summer and a relatively cold winter. It enjoys the benefit of copious reserves of  underground water which has allowed the area to develop its agricultural potential. Nevertheless, Al-Hasa has to deal with tons of sand which  the wind carries and deposits over the land. To counter this problem, the Kingdom has planted large barriers of trees to prevent the wind-borne  sand from damaging inhabited and agricultural areas. Ports: Uker or Ujer is the nearest port to Hofuf, from which it is distant about 40 m.; large quantities of rice and piece goods transshipped at  Bahrain are landed here and sent on by caravan to Hofuf, the great entrap for the trade between southern Nejd and the coast. It also shares in  the valuable pearl fishery of Bahrain and the adjacent coast. Developments: King Faisal University was established in this area in 1974 91494H), and it contains a general hospital, a number of  government and private hospitals as well as a sports complex. Its central oasis, Al-Ahsa, boasts two million palm trees. The Ministry of  Agriculture has set up a factory to process its rich output of dates, amounting to five tons daily. There is varied agricultural production in this  area, including rice, corn, citrus and other fruit. Springs and brooks that abound in the region serve as an ample source of irrigation. There is  also heavy livestock activity here, with 200,000 head of sheep, 50,000 head of goats, 12,000 head of cattle and 15,000 head of camels. There  are more than 15 extensive poultry farms that produce more than 100 million eggs and 30 million table chickens annually. Trade: In ancient times, Al-Hasa was at the center of the trade routes which traders followed between the east of the Arabian Peninsula and  India, Persia and the Far East. The people of Al-Ahsa hold a public market at the mountain every Sunday. Industry in Al-Ahsa: Petroleum is the main industry in the region, absorbing twenty percent of the work force. Factories turn out cement,  plastic as well as the long Arab coat, or "mislah." There are various small industries as well. Because of its massive industrial and agricultural  development, commerce has thrived here. Employment in markets, hotels and government and private banks absorbs sixty percent of the  population. Archeological riches in Al-Ahsa: In the long history of this region, inhabitants have included the kanoomites, Jun Hermites, Tasmis and  Banu Abdul Qais. An impressive number of historical sites give witness to the area's importance: The Juwana mosque is considered to be the  second mosque build under Islam, the first being the mosque of the Prophet (peace be upon him).  Al-Aqeer Seaport is situated on the Arabian  Gulf in eastern Al-Hassa. It has lost its focal role as a fishing and transport site, and is now an outing place for people of the region.  Al-Kabeer  Mosque was built by Imam Faisal bin Turki Al-Saud, the great-grandfather of King Abdulaziz, the founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It was  built on the pattern of the Cordova mosque in Southern Spain.  Qasr (Castle) Ibrahim was built during Ottoman rule. It is located prominently in  Al-Hofuf city.  Al-Oyan (springs), like those in Umm Sabaa and Najran (in other parts of the Kingdom), provides curative mineral water at a  steady rate.  Qarah Mountain in the village of the same name offers visitors cool air in the summer months. Samoud Palace was built during  Ottoman rule in the city of Al-Mobarraz. Al Qaisariyah: In keeping with the past, Al Qaisariyah traditional market features decorated old shops and beautifully designed complexes.  This market is famous for the quality of its textiles and consumer products. Jabal Qarah: A famous mountain in Al-Ahsa, Jabal Qarah is also known as Ash-Shab'an, The Satiated. Surrounded by rivers and palms, the  mountain hosts large, high caves that are cool in summer and warm, as if heated by firewood, in winter. Thirteen (13) kilometers east of Al-  Hofuf, Jabal Qarah is named after a large, well-known eastern village in proximity of the mountain. 
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